Biodiversity of the Area

The Guassa plateau is an important Afro-alpine area in the central highlands of Ethiopia. It is home to 26 different species of mammals, of which seven (23%) are endemic to Ethiopia.

Guassa Community Conservation Area is home to large mammals such as the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), the gelada (Theropithecus gelada) and the Abyssinian hare (Lepus starcki).

Other large mammal species recorded in the Guassa Area include: the leopard (Felis paradus), grey duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus), common jackal (Canis aureus), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), civet (Viverra civeta), rattel (Melivora capensis), Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) and serval cat (Felis serval).

Crocidura thalia and C. baileyi are the most widespread of the Area's endemic shrews. The six rodent species recorded in the Guassa Area include the porcupine (Hystrix cristata); common mole rat (Tachyoryctes splendens); unstriped grass rat (Arvicanthis abyssinicus); harsh-furred rat(Lophuromys flavopunctatus); Abyssinian meadow rat (Stenocephalemus grisecauda); and groove-toothed rat (Otomys typus). Three of these are widespread in Ethiopia: the unstriped grass rat, the Abyssinain Meadow Rat and the Desmomys harringtoni. The rodent species A. abyssinicus, S. grisecauda and Desmomys harringtoni are endemic to Ethiopia.

Download an animal checklist PDF to help you identify the abundance of species in the Guassa Community Conservation Area. CLICK HERE

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